5G is the acronym with which we refer to fifth generation mobile networks. This new generation is the evolution of the cellular network technology we currently use in order to be connected everywhere, the 4G/LTE.
We have listened about this new technology several times in the past months, especially during the Mobile World Congress, held during the first quarter of the year, where the possibilities involving this new technology have been brought to light.
This new technology will involve an improvement in speed, latency and consume. These features may completely change the way we use our devices and mobile phones. To sum up, 5G is the new generation of telecommunication technologies that will offer us a better connection speed, while it will allow a better energy consumption with the consequent boost of battery life.
This kind of network will be 99.999% available, having 100% of signal. Besides, we expect that battery life in IoT devices will last 10 years.
The maximum speed that 5G will offer us will be around 10Gbps (even with higher peaks), clearly superior to the speed we can reach nowadays with optical fiber. Therefore, transferred data from a mobile phone connected to a 5G network will be remarkably faster than what we are used today.
There are two standards for 5G: Non Standalone and Standalone. The Non Standalone will need to be supported by current 4G in order to communicate with servers and antenna systems, which will prevent from making the most of 5G. It will rather be a changeover system, so we will find it in the first 5G mobile phones.
Standalone works autonomously and will be the standard to be set in 5G networks, achieving faster speeds and higher battery life.
The user experience with mobile phones will radically change. Even if nowadays they are the most used devices to access internet, with 5G networks the same tasks will be performed more quickly: we will even perform some activities that currently we prefer to do on our computer connected with optical fiber.
Regarding the business world, big changes will be produced as connected machines will be able to receive instructions immediately, being more efficient. In the automotive sector, for instance, big improvements may be achieved: implementing 5G in vehicles may allow drivers to receive information and instruction in real time, which will ease the decision-taking process when driving, as well as avoiding traffic jams, accidents and contingencies.
It seems that, day by day, 5G is becoming a reality. It will be soon that this technology will become an indispensable part of our life, either in our job or in our spare time.